is divided into its radius of curvature and can be divided into a long radius elbow and a short radius elbow. The long radius elbow refers to the outer diameter of the tube whose radius of curvature is equal to 1.5 times, that is, R = 1.5D. A short radius elbow means that its radius of curvature is equal to the outer diameter of the tube, ie R = D. Where D is the diameter of the elbow and R is the radius of curvature. Normal use of the length of the radius Sometimes to reduce the loss of resistance or elbow wear, the elbow with a larger bending radius will be used (in fact, it is not called elbow); when there is a limit on the installation position, a short radius elbow will be used.
When do you choose long radius elbows and short radius elbows? There are two types of pipe sizes for process installation, namely pipe outer diameter and nominal size. D, DN, refers to the nominal size of the pipe. It does not represent the inner diameter of the pipe or the outer diameter of the pipe. It is a nominal size designed and used. The elbow is the elbow, and the manufacturing method is divided into the push elbow, the extrusion elbow and the welded miter elbow. The structure length is 1.0D, 1.5D, 2.0D.
At present, there are two kinds of norms implemented in this area in China: metric and imperial. For example: 1.5D steel seamless elbow, DN100 outer diameter ¢108 and ¢114.3, actual structural length L152, DN200 outer diameter ¢219 and ¢216.3, actual structural length L302. In use, long radius elbow (R = 15DN): in general, should be preferred; short radius elbow (R = 1.0DN): mostly used in applications where size is limited. Its high working pressure should not exceed 0.8 times of the long radius elbow of the same specification.
Elbow (R=nDN): used to moderate the scouring and kinetic energy of the media at the bend, available to R=3DN, 6DN, 10DN, 20DN.According to different manufacturing methods, it is divided into push elbow, extrusion elbow and welded miter elbow.
Pushing elbows and extrusion elbows: Commonly used for welding mitered elbows on medium and small-sized pipes with strict media conditions: It is often used on large-sized pipes with moderate media conditions, and the bending radius is not to be less than its nominal diameter. 1.5 times. When the miter angle of the miter elbow is greater than 450, it should not be used on highly toxic, flammable medium pipes, or on pipes subjected to mechanical vibration, pressure pulsation and alternating load due to temperature changes.
So how do we buy qualified elbows? Detecting the back arc of the elbow: Seamless elbow detection of the thickness of the back arc is an important task. Many large pipe elbow manufacturers or strict engineering inspection of the back arc is a must. It is related to the safety and stability of the pipeline operation.
Everyone knows that both the seamless steel pipe
and the seamless elbow are under pressure, that is, the pressure is very large when running. Under normal circumstances, the safety factor of the thickness of the seamless elbow designed and installed is about six times. For example, the 219*8 seamless elbow, the pipeline medium is ordinary water, the temperature is usually not higher than one hundred degrees Celsius, and the pressure required to blast such a seamless elbow is about 300 kg, that is to say, The pressure inside the pipeline needs to reach PN30, and the seamless elbow will be blasted, and the operating pressure of this elbow is probably about it. It is estimated that the maximum will not exceed PN6.4, which is generally around PN4.0, of course. With the corrosion of the pipeline, the seamless elbow will also be corroded to varying degrees. In order to ensure its safe operation, the necessity of overhaul is also great.
The current process of making seamless elbows will lead to the phenomenon of back arc thinning. Under normal circumstances, the wall thickness of the mouth will be about two millimeters thinner than the back arc. The common thickness and pressure are not thinner even if the back arc is thinned. There will be too many safety hazards, because the elbow has not been replaced until the elbow has a dangerous accident. But as a rigorous project, what is not the same, and the medium inside the pipeline is also responsible, not just water. There may be oil or other impurities, the temperature is high and the pressure is high, and the thickness of the back arc as the weak place determines the life of the seamless elbow. Therefore, the importance of detecting the back arc is naturally great. With the thickness gauge, read the thickness of a point at the elbow directly.