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Date:2018-02-28    keywords: API 5L, API 5L Seamless Pipe

API 5L is for use in conveying gas, water, and oil in the natural gas and oil industries, and covers seamless and welded steel line pipe.

The API SPEC 5L specification provides standards for pipe suitable for use in conveying gas, water, and oil in the natural gas and oil industries. The API SPEC 5L covers seamless and welded steel line pipe. It includes plain-end, threaded-end, and belled-end pipe, as well as through-the-flowline (TFL) pipe, and pipe with ends prepared for use with special couplings. 

Pipe manufactured to ASTM 106 Grade A or B are not interchangable with API 5L. Requirements to API 5L X grades are more stringent; rolled grades are not acceptable and rework is not allowed. Moreover, particular attention is given to toughness and toughness tests for sour services and higher pressure & temperature classes.

Strength Levels & Desulphurization
Manganese sulphides are typical inclusions in all manganese alloyed steels. Because they tend to segregate resulting in reduced impact strength, sulphure content needs to be minimized. We specify maximum 0.007%.

API 5L Benefits & Applications
Gas, water and oil transportation - preferred in long pipelines due to inexpensiveness
Pipeline steel - resistance to crack propogation

Line Pipe / Sour Service Line Pipes

API 5L is a seamless pipe and welded carbon steel pipe material specification. API 5L pipes are widely used to transport oil, water, and gases in the pipeline industry. Depending on the strength, schedule, and service requirements API 5L pipes are manufactured in various grades and are suitable for both onshore and offshore applications. 

API 5L pipes in the oil and gas, water, and petrochemical industries are available in two Product Specification Levels (PSL) depending on quality levels. The first one is PSL1 which provides a standard quality level. The other one PSL2 provides additional mandatory requirements in strength, chemical composition, NDT, or notch toughness.

API 5L Standard is including steel grade(GR.B,X42 ,X46,52,X56,X60,X65,X70).

Steel Grade
Yield Strength(MPa)
Tensile Strength(MPa)
A25 172 310
A 207 331
B 241 414
X42 290 414
X46 317 434
X52 359 455
X56 386 490
X60 414 517
X65 448 531
X70 483 565

241-448 414-758
B 290-496 414-758
X42 317-524 434-758
X46 359-531 455-758
X52 386-544 490-758
X56 414-565 517-758
X60 448-600 531-758
X65 483-621 565-758

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