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Three Processes of Heat Treatment of Seamless Pipe

Date:2023-01-30    keywords: carbon steel seamless pipe, heat treatment
According to different conditions, the metal material is heated to a suitable temperature and kept warm, and then cooled in different ways to change the metallographic structure of the metal material and obtain the required structural properties. This process is often referred to as heat treatment of metallic materials. What three processes are included in the heat treatment of seamless pipes?

The heat treatment of metal materials is divided into overall heat treatment, surface heat treatment and chemical heat treatment. The heat treatment of seamless steel pipes generally adopts overall heat treatment.

Carbon steel seamless pipes need to go through basic processes such as heating, heat preservation, and cooling during heat treatment. During these processes, defects may appear in the steel pipe. The heat treatment defects of seamless steel pipes mainly include unqualified steel pipe structural performance, unqualified size, surface cracks, scratches, severe oxidation, decarburization, overheating or overburning, etc.

carbon steel seamless pipe

There are three main processes for heat treatment of carbon steel pipes:

The first process of heat treatment of carbon steel seamless pipe is heating.
There are two different heating temperatures: one is heating below the critical point Ac1 or Ac3; the other is heating above the critical point Ac1 or Ac3. Under these two heating temperatures, the structural transformation of the steel pipe is completely different. Heating below the critical point Ac1 or AC3 is mainly to stabilize the structure of the steel and eliminate the internal stress of the steel pipe; heating above Ac1 or Ac3 is to austenitize the steel.

The second process of heat treatment of carbon steel seamless pipe is heat preservation.
Its purpose is to make the heating temperature of the steel pipe uniform to obtain a reasonable heating structure.

The third process of heat treatment of carbon steel seamless pipe is cooling.
The cooling process is the key process of steel pipe heat treatment, which determines the metallographic structure and mechanical properties of the steel pipe after cooling. In actual production, there are various cooling methods for steel pipes. Commonly used cooling methods include furnace cooling, air cooling, oil cooling, polymer cooling, water cooling, etc.

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