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3 Commonly Used Non-destructive Testing Methods for Seamless Steel Pipe

Date:2022-02-24    keywords: non-destructive testing, seamless steel pipe
For the defects of seamless steel pipes, magnetic flux leakage detection method, ultrasonic detection method, eddy current flaw detection method, etc. can be used.

1. Magnetic flux leakage detection method

The magnetic flux leakage detection method is to use the magnetic flux leakage principle to detect the seamless steel pipe. During the inspection process, the inspected seamless steel pipe should be magnetized first, because the surface of the inspected seamless steel pipe will only have a magnetic leakage field after magnetization. This detection method uses the sensor to obtain the leakage magnetic field information. Therefore, this method is especially suitable for automatic flaw detection, which can detect a large number of seamless steel pipes in a short time.

2. Ultrasonic detection method

Ultrasonic detection method refers to the detection of seamless steel pipes using the principle of electromagnetic induction. When using the ultrasonic detection method for detection, firstly, a beam of ultrasonic waves needs to be excited inside the seamless steel pipe, and the beam of ultrasonic waves will propagate inside the pipe of the seamless steel pipe. If the ultrasonic wave is reflected, it indicates that there is a defect on the surface of the seamless steel pipe. During the inspection process, ultrasonic waves will produce a series of changes inside the seamless steel pipe, and by processing these information with a flaw detector, the quantitative information of the seamless steel pipe defect can be fully displayed. The detection method can detect a variety of steel pipe defects at the same time, and has high sensitivity. It should be noted that this detection method is not suitable for fast production lines due to the slow detection speed. Therefore, this detection method is only applicable to the detailed inspection of high-quality seamless steel pipes.

3. Eddy current flaw detection method

The detection method has certain limitations in the use process, and a detection blind zone will appear at the end of the seamless steel pipe during detection, and the length of the detection blind zone is about 200mm. The main form of the testing equipment is a point probe and a through probe. Among them, the point probe moves forward in a spiral form during detection, but the detection efficiency is low and the inspection time is long. The penetrating probe not only has simple inspection equipment, fast inspection speed, but also has high sensitivity. Therefore, the eddy current testing method is the most widely used.

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